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Proceedings Paper

Monte Carlo modeling of polarized light propagation in a biological tissue
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Paper Abstract

The application of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) creates new possibilities for biomedical imaging. In this work we present a numerical simulation of the signal from a PS-OCT interferometer. We explore the possibility to retrieve information concerning the optical birefringence properties of multiple layered tissues from the depth-resolved PS-OCT interferometric signal, in the presence of strong elastic light scattering. Our simulation is based on a Monte Carlo algorithm for the propagation of polarized light in a birefringent multiple scattering medium. Confocal and time-gated detection are also included. To describe the polarization state of light we use the Jones formalism, which reduces the calculation time compared with the full Stokes-Mueller formalism. To analyze the polarization state of the partially polarized backscattered light we applied a standard method using the Stokes vector, which is derived from the Jones vector. In this work we examined the Stokes vector variations with depth for the different tissues types. The oscillations of the Stokes vector are clearly demonstrated in the case of uniform birefringent medium. We also investigated a two-layered tissue, with a different birefringence of each layer. The Stokes vector variation with depth is compared to the uniform case and used to assess the depth-sensitivity of PS-OCT. Our simulation results are also compared with published experimental results of other groups.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 June 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4619, Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedical Science and Clinical Applications VI, (14 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.470497
Show Author Affiliations
Sergei V. Gangnus, Univ. of Exeter (United Kingdom)
Stephen John Matcher, Univ. of Exeter (United Kingdom)
Igor Victorovich Meglinski, Univ. of Cranfield (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4619:
Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedical Science and Clinical Applications VI
Valery V. Tuchin; Joseph A. Izatt; James G. Fujimoto, Editor(s)

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