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Proceedings Paper

High-dynamic-range imaging optical detectors
Author(s): Ricardo C. Coutinho; David R. Selviah; Hugh D. Griffiths
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Paper Abstract

Imaging spectrometers allowing spatially resolved targets to be spectrally discriminated are valuable for remote sensing and defense applications. The drawback of such instruments is the need to quickly process very large amounts of data. In this paper we demonstrate two imaging systems which detect a dim target in a bright background, using the coherence contrast between them, generating much less data but only operating over a limited optical bandwidth. Both systems use a passband filter, a Michelson interferometer, coupling optics and a CCD camera. The first uses the interferometer in a spatial mode, by tilting one of the mirrors to create a set of line fringes on the CCD array. The visibility of these fringes is proportional to the degree of coherence. The interferogram is displayed spatially on the CCD array, as a function of the path differences. The second system uses the interferometer in a temporal mode. A coherent point target and an extended background are imaged through the interferometer onto the CCD array, and one of the interferometer's mirrors is scanned longitudinally to vary the path difference in time. In both cases the coherent target is detected over a large dynamic range down to negative signal-to-background power ratios (in dB). The paper describes an averaging technique to improve the signal-to-noise ratio and correction techniques required to extract interferograms from the images. The spatial technique developed has the advantage of using no moving parts.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 June 2002
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4735, Hybrid Image and Signal Processing VIII, (7 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.470112
Show Author Affiliations
Ricardo C. Coutinho, Brazilian Navy Weapon Systems Directorate and Univ. College London (Brazil)
David R. Selviah, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Hugh D. Griffiths, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4735:
Hybrid Image and Signal Processing VIII
David P. Casasent; Andrew G. Tescher, Editor(s)

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