Share Email Print

Proceedings Paper

Optical properties and color of porcine gingiva
Author(s): Diana Gekelman D.D.S.; Joel M. White D.D.S.
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $17.00 $21.00

Paper Abstract

Laser interaction with oral tissues is dependent upon the tissues physical properties. Previous studies measured the absorbance coefficient of individual components of the tissues. The purpose of the present study was to determine the reflectance, transmittance and absorbance of the whole tissue: porcine gingiva. Therefore, 2x4 mm sections consisting of attached and free gingiva from porcine mandibles, 1.2+/- 0.2 mm thickness, were measured using a spectrometer for reflectance (R) and transmittance (T), and the absorbance (A) was calculated. In order to fully characterize the optical properties of the soft tissue, the color of porcine gingiva was also measured utilizing the L*a*b* system. The average R, T and A among the specimens were determined for each wavelength (200-2500 nm) and the respective spectral curves determined at 95% confidence level. For the laser emission wavelength frequency-doubled Alexandrite (377nm) the average values were: R=25.8%; T=0.6%; A=73.6%. For the laser emission wavelength Nd:YAG (1064nm) the average values were: R=25.8%; T=66%; A=3%. For the laser emission wavelength diode (980nm) the average values were: R=30%; T=58%; A=12%. Color of the gingival tissue measured in reflectance had higher L*, a* and b* values as compared to color measured in transmittance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 June 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4610, Lasers in Dentistry VIII, (3 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.469330
Show Author Affiliations
Diana Gekelman D.D.S., Univ. of California/San Francisco School of Dentistry (United States)
Joel M. White D.D.S., Univ. of California/San Francisco School of Dentistry (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4610:
Lasers in Dentistry VIII
Peter Rechmann D.D.S.; Daniel Fried; Thomas Hennig, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top
Sign in to read the full article
Create a free SPIE account to get access to
premium articles and original research
Forgot your username?