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Proceedings Paper

Advances in wide-bandgap semiconductor-based photocathode devices for low-light-level applications
Author(s): Melville P. Ulmer; Bruce W. Wessels; Oswald H. W. Siegmund
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Paper Abstract

The basic requirement for an imaging low-light level system (one capable of single photon counting) is that the device has low dark current. Photocathode based devices have the advantage over solid state devices in this regard as the dark current is inherently low. A further requirement for UV detectors is the necessity to suppress the sensitivity in the red, and wide-band gap semi-conductors fill this role well. For nitride based semi-conductors, there is still the issue of making p-type material and making alloys with Al or In to move the red cutoff to the blue (Al) or red (In). Regardless of the material (e.g. another choice is diamond) coupling the resulting photocathode to a device such as a micro-channel plate (MCP) is necessary to produce imaging. Based on advances we have made both in the production of p- type GaN photocathodes, diamond photocathodes, and read-outs of Si MCPs, we are on the verge of making high quality UV imaging systems for astronomy and other low-light level applications. In this paper we will review the progress that has been made over the past few years and provide an update with recent results.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 May 2002
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4650, Photodetector Materials and Devices VII, (21 May 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.467651
Show Author Affiliations
Melville P. Ulmer, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Bruce W. Wessels, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Oswald H. W. Siegmund, Univ. of California/Berkeley (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4650:
Photodetector Materials and Devices VII
Gail J. Brown; Manijeh Razeghi, Editor(s)

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