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Proceedings Paper

Spatial sampling errors for a satellite-borne scanning radiometer
Author(s): Natividad D. Manalo; G. Louis Smith
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Paper Abstract

The Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) scanning radiometer is planned as the Earth radiation budget instrument for the Earth Observation System, to be flown in the late 1990's. In order to minimize the spatial sampling errors of the measurements, it is necessary to select design parameters for the instrument such that the resulting point spread function will minimize spatial sampling errors. These errors are described as aliasing and blurring errors. Aliasing errors are due to presence in the measurements of spatial frequencies beyond the Nyquist frequency, and blurring errors are due to attenuation of frequencies below the Nyquist frequency. The design parameters include pixel shape and dimensions, sampling rate, scan period, and time constants of the measurements. For a satellite-borne scanning radiometer, the pixel footprint grows quickly at large nadir angles. The aliasing errors thus decrease with increasing scan angle, but the blurring errors grow quickly. The best design minimizes the sum of these two errors over a range of scan angles. Results of a parameter study are presented, showing effects of data rates, pixel dimensions, spacecraft altitude, and distance from the spacecraft track.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 August 1991
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 1493, Calibration of Passive Remote Observing Optical and Microwave Instrumentation, (1 August 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.46705
Show Author Affiliations
Natividad D. Manalo, Lockheed Engineering and Sciences Co. (United States)
G. Louis Smith, NASA/Langley Research Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1493:
Calibration of Passive Remote Observing Optical and Microwave Instrumentation
Bruce W. Guenther, Editor(s)

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