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Proceedings Paper

Sol-gel preparation of one-dimensional photonic bandgap structures
Author(s): Rui Manuel Almeida; Zhongchun Wang
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Paper Abstract

One-dimensional (1-D) photonic bandgap (PBG) structures remain one of the most practical ways of applying the PBG concepts to the solution of many urgent problems in laser physics and optical technologies. The sol-gel method is an inexpensive and flexible liquid phase processing technique that is suitable for the deposition of multilayer stacks. The multilayer stacks can be designed as 1-D PBG structures, such as distributed Bragg reflectors (DBR), or single and coupled microcavities, as reported in this work. Spin-coated TiO2 and SiO2 layers acted as the high and low refractive index materials, respectively. Each layer was heat-treated at a high temperature (~1000 degree(s)C) for a short period of time (~90 s) in order to increase the index contrast, while preserving relatively smooth interfaces between the consecutive layers. Ellipsometry, X-ray diffraction, micro-Raman spectroscopy, transmittance/reflectance spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy were used to characterize both the individual layers and the whole structures. Strong PBG properties are demonstrated, with an omni-directional stop band for a 5.5-pair DBR ((lambda) equals 550 - 600 nm, gap to mid-gap ratio equals 7.6%) and sharp pass bands within the stop bands for the microcavities.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 April 2002
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4655, Photonic Bandgap Materials and Devices, (25 April 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.463898
Show Author Affiliations
Rui Manuel Almeida, Instituto Superior Tecnico (Portugal)
Zhongchun Wang, Instituto Superior Tecnico (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4655:
Photonic Bandgap Materials and Devices
Ali Adibi; Axel Scherer; Shawn-Yu Lin, Editor(s)

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