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Proceedings Paper

SAR image segmentation using generalized pairwise Markov chains
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Paper Abstract

The efficiency of Markov models in the context of SAR image segmentation mainly relies on their spatial regularity constraint. However, a pixel may have a rather different visual aspect when it is located near a boundary or inside a large set of pixels of the same class. According to the classical hypothesis in Hidden Markov Chain (HMC) models, this fact can not be taken into consideration. This is the very reason of the recent Pairwise Markov Chains (PMC) model which relies on the hypothesis that the pairwise process (X,Y) is Markovian and stationary, but not necessarily X. The main interest of the PMC model in SAR image segmentation is to not assume that the speckle is spatially uncorrelated. Hence, it is possible to take into account the difference between two successive pixels that belong to the same region or that overlap a boundary. Both PMC and HMC parameters are learnt from a variant of the Iterative Conditional Estimation method. This allows to apply the Bayesian Maximum Posterior Marginal criterion for the restoration of X in an unsupervised manner. We will compare the PMC model with respect to the HMC one for the unsupervised segmentation of SAR images, for both Gaussian distributions and Pearson system of distributions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2003
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4885, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing VIII, (13 March 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.463177
Show Author Affiliations
Stephane Derrode, Institut Fresnel/Univ. de Marseille (France)
Wojciech Pieczynski, Institut National des Telecommunications (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4885:
Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing VIII
Sebastiano B. Serpico, Editor(s)

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