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Proceedings Paper

Present performance of a single-pixel Ti/Au bilayer TES calorimeter
Author(s): Yoshitaka Ishisaki; Umeyo Morita; Takeo Koga; Kosuke Sato; Takaya Ohashi; Kazuhisa Mitsuda; Noriko Y. Yamasaki; Ryuichi Fujimoto; Naoko Iyomoto; Tai Oshima; Kazuo Futamoto; Yoh Takei; Taro Ichitsubo; Tamayuki Fujimori; Shuichi Shoji; Hiroyuki Kudo; Tomoaki Nakamura; Takahiro Arakawa; Tetsuya Osaka; Takayuki Homma; Hirotaka Sato; Hideomi Kobayashi; Kentaro Mori; Keiichi Tanaka; Toshimitsu Morooka; Satoshi Nakayama; Kazuo Chinone; Yoshikatsu Kuroda; Mitsunobu Onishi; Kunio Otake
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Paper Abstract

We are developing a superconducting transition-edge sensor (TES) calorimeter for future Japanese X-ray astronomy missions (e.g. NeXT mission). The performance of our single pixel TES calorimeter is presented. We fabricated a Ti/Au (40 nm/110 nm) bilayer TES on a thin silicon-nitride membrane, which is adjusted to have a transition temperature of about 100 mK. The size of the TES is 500μm × 500μm, and 300μm × 300μm gold with a thickness of 300 nm is deposited with sputtering as an X-ray absorber. The TES calorimeter was installed in a dilution refrigerator operated at about 40 mK, with a combination of 400-series SQUID array as an ammeter. Collimated 5.9 keV X-rays (200 um in diameter) from 55Fe isotope were irradiated and X-ray pulses were obtained. Simultaneously with a fast falling time constant of 74.2 us, the energy resolution of 6.6+-0.4 eV was attained, while the baseline noise was 6.4 eV. The contents of the energy resolution are 5.1 eV of the excess noise, 3.3 eV of the readout noise, 1.6 eV of the pulse by pulse variation, and 1.9 eV of the intrinsic noise. The baseline noise are dominated by an unknown excess noise, which increases roughly in proportion to the inverse of the TES resistance. The pulse height is sensitive to the operating conditions, and the superconducting shield appears to have improved it by a factor of about 2. The calorimeter works fine over six months surviving five thermal cycles, even though it is kept in air.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 March 2003
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4851, X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy, (11 March 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.461336
Show Author Affiliations
Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. (Japan)
Umeyo Morita, Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. (Japan)
Takeo Koga, Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. (Japan)
Kosuke Sato, Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. (Japan)
Takaya Ohashi, Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. (Japan)
Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Noriko Y. Yamasaki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Ryuichi Fujimoto, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Naoko Iyomoto, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Tai Oshima, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Kazuo Futamoto, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Yoh Takei, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Taro Ichitsubo, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Tamayuki Fujimori, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Shuichi Shoji, Waseda Univ. (Japan)
Hiroyuki Kudo, Waseda Univ. (Japan)
Tomoaki Nakamura, Waseda Univ. (Japan)
Takahiro Arakawa, Waseda Univ. (Japan)
Tetsuya Osaka, Waseda Univ. (Japan)
Takayuki Homma, Waseda Univ. (Japan)
Hirotaka Sato, Waseda Univ. (Japan)
Hideomi Kobayashi, Waseda Univ. (Japan)
Kentaro Mori, Waseda Univ. (Japan)
Keiichi Tanaka, Seiko Instruments Inc. (Japan)
Toshimitsu Morooka, Seiko Instruments Inc. (Japan)
Satoshi Nakayama, Seiko Instruments Inc. (Japan)
Kazuo Chinone, Seiko Instruments Inc. (Japan)
Yoshikatsu Kuroda, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (Japan)
Mitsunobu Onishi, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (Japan)
Kunio Otake, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4851:
X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy
Joachim E. Truemper; Harvey D. Tananbaum, Editor(s)

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