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Proceedings Paper

Automated ground-water monitoring with Robowell: case studies and potential applications
Author(s): Gregory E. Granato; Kirk P. Smith
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Paper Abstract

Robowell is an automated system and method for monitoring ground-water quality. Robowell meets accepted manual- sampling protocols without high labor and laboratory costs. Robowell periodically monitors and records water-quality properties and constituents in ground water by pumping a well or multilevel sampler until one or more purge criteria have been met. A record of frequent water-quality measurements from a monitoring site can indicate changes in ground-water quality and can provide a context for the interpretation of laboratory data from discrete samples. Robowell also can communicate data and system performance through a remote communication link. Remote access to ground-water data enables the user to monitor conditions and optimize manual sampling efforts. Six Robowell prototypes have successfully monitored ground-water quality during all four seasons of the year under different hydrogeologic conditions, well designs, and geochemical environments. The U.S. Geological Survey is seeking partners for research with robust and economical water-quality monitoring instruments designed to measure contaminants of concern in conjunction with the application and commercialization of the Robowell technology. Project publications and information about technology transfer opportunities are available on the Internet at URL

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 February 2002
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4575, Chemical and Biological Early Warning Monitoring for Water, Food, and Ground, (21 February 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.456921
Show Author Affiliations
Gregory E. Granato, U.S. Geological Survey (United States)
Kirk P. Smith, U.S. Geological Survey (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4575:
Chemical and Biological Early Warning Monitoring for Water, Food, and Ground
Janet L. Jensen; Larry W. Burggraf, Editor(s)

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