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Proceedings Paper

Three-dimensional MEMS devices with functionalized carbon nanotubes
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Paper Abstract

Carbon Nano Tubes (CNT) with their unique structure, have already proven to be valuable in their application as tips for scanning probe microscopy, field emission devices, nanoelectronics, H2- storage, electromagnetic absorbers, ESD, EMI films and coatings and structural composites. For many of these applications, highly purified and functionalized CNT which are compatible with many host polymers are needed. A novel microwave CVD processing technique to meet these requirements has been developed at Penn State Center for the Engineering and Acoustic Materials and Devices (CEEAMD). This method enables the production of highly purified carbon nano tubes with variable size (from 5-40 nm) at lost cost (per gram) and high yield. Whereas, carbon nano tubes synthesized using the laser ablation or arc discharge evaporation method always include impurity due to catalyst or catalyst support. The Penn State research is based on the use of zeolites over other metal/metal oxides in the microwave field for a high production and uniformity of the product. An extended conventional purification method has been employed to purify our products in order to remove left over impurity. A novel composite structure can be tailored by functionalizing carbon nano tubes and chemically bonding them with the polymer matrix e.g. block or graft copolymer, or even cross-linked copolymer, to impart exceptional structural, electronic and surface properties. Bio- and Mechanical-MEMS devices derived from this hybrid composite are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 November 2001
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4590, BioMEMS and Smart Nanostructures, (19 November 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.454595
Show Author Affiliations
Vijay K. Varadan, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Jining Xie, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Taeksoo Ji, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4590:
BioMEMS and Smart Nanostructures
Laszlo B. Kish; Erol C. Harvey; William B. Spillman Jr., Editor(s)

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