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Proceedings Paper

Image compression for digital video tape recording with high-speed playback capability
Author(s): Siu-Wai Wu; Allen Gersho
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Paper Abstract

In a digital video tape recorder (DVTR), the video data are stored serially on a sequence of parallel scan tracks running obliquely across the tape. In normal playback, the read heads scan along each track sequentially, while fast-forward is realized by a special subsampling process in which the read heads sweep across multiple tracks per scan and pick up a segment of data from each track to generate a patchwork quilt of subimages taken from successive fields. An image compression algorithm for DVTR is required to conform to the storage format implied by this fast-forward mechanism. Thus, a field of video is partitioned into a small number of subimages, each independently coded with a fixed number of bits. This requirement excludes the use of interframe coding and most variable-rate coding algorithms. We propose a new image coding algorithm that retains the efficiency of variable-rate coding while the above requirement is satisfied. In this algorithm a subimage is partitioned into non-overlapping 8 X 8 blocks, and each block is coded progressively by DCT and Vector Quantization to generate a finite set of candidate output blocks covering a range of bit rates. A procedure based on the Lagrange Multiplier method is used to select one of the candidate outputs for each 8 X 8 block such that the overall distortion is minimized subject to the constraint on the bit rate. Simulation results demonstrate the potential of this algorithm in image compression for DVTRs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 1991
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 1452, Image Processing Algorithms and Techniques II, (1 June 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.45395
Show Author Affiliations
Siu-Wai Wu, Univ. of California/Santa Barbara (United States)
Allen Gersho, Univ. of California/Santa Barbara (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1452:
Image Processing Algorithms and Techniques II
Mehmet Reha Civanlar; Sanjit K. Mitra; Robert J. Moorhead II, Editor(s)

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