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Proceedings Paper

Characteristics of a capillary-discharge flash x-ray generator
Author(s): Eiichi Sato; Yasuomi Hayasi; Tatsumi Usuki; Koetsu Sato; Kazuyoshi Takayama; Hideaki Ido
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Paper Abstract

The fundamental experiments for measuring soft x-ray characteristics from the vacuum capillary are described. These experiments are primarily performed in order to generate line spectra such as x-ray lasers. The generator consists of a high-voltage power supply, a polarity-inversion ignitron pulse generator, a turbo-molecular pump, and a radiation tube with a capillary. A high-voltage condenser of 0.2 μF in the pulse generator is charged up to 20 kV by the power supply, and the electric charges in the condenser are discharged to the capillary in the tube after closing the ignitron. During the discharge, weakly ionized plasma forms on the inner and outer sides of a capillary. In the present work, the pump evacuates air from the tube with a pressure of about 1 mPa, and a demountable capillary was developed in order to measure x-ray spectra according to changes in the capillary length. In this capillary, the anode (target) and cathode elements can be changed corresponding to the objectives. The capillary diameter is 2.0 mm, and the length is adjusted from 1 to 50 mm. When a capillary with aluminum anode and cathode electrodes was employed, both the cathode voltage and the discharge current almost displayed damp oscillations. The peak values of the voltage and current increased when the charging voltage was increased and their maximum values were -10.8 kV and 4.7 kV, respectively. The x-ray durations observed by a 1.6 μm aluminum filter were less than 30 μs, and we detected the aluminum characteristic x-ray intensity using a 6.8 μm aluminum filter. In the spectrum measurement, two sets of aluminum and titanium electrodes were employed, and we observed multi-line spectra. The line photon energies seldom varied according to changes in teh condenser charging voltage and to changes in the electrode element. In the case where the titanium electrode was employed, the line number decreased with corresponding decreases in the capillary length. Compared with incoherent visible light, these rays from the capillary were diffracted greatly after pass through two slits.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 November 2002
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4786, Penetrating Radiation Systems and Applications IV, (26 November 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.452291
Show Author Affiliations
Eiichi Sato, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Yasuomi Hayasi, Hachinohe National College of Technology (Japan)
Tatsumi Usuki, Toreck Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Koetsu Sato, Toreck Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Kazuyoshi Takayama, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)
Hideaki Ido, Tohoku Gakuin Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4786:
Penetrating Radiation Systems and Applications IV
H. Bradford Barber; Hans Roehrig; F. Patrick Doty; Lisa J. Porter; Edward J. Morton, Editor(s)

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