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Proceedings Paper

Single photon source with individualized single photon certifications
Author(s): Alan L. Migdall; David A. Branning; Stefania Castelletto; M. Ware
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Paper Abstract

As currently implemented, single-photon sources cannot be made to produce single photons with high probability, while simultaneously suppressing the probability of yielding two or more photons. Because of this, single photon sources cannot really produce single photons on demand. We describe a multiplexed system that allows the probabilities of producing one and more photons to be adjusted independently, enabling a much better approximation of a source of single photons on demand. The scheme uses a heralded photon source based on parametric downconversion, but by effectively breaking the trigger detector area into multiple regions, we are able to extract more information about a heralded photon than is possible with a conventional arrangement. This scheme allows photons to be produced along with a quantitative 'certification' that they are single photons. Some of the single-photon certifications can be significantly better than what is possible with conventional downconversion sources, as well as being better than faint laser sources. With such a source of more tightly certified single photons, it should be possible to improve the maximum secure bit rate possible over a quantum cryptographic link. We present an analysis of the relative merits of this method over the conventional arrangement.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 December 2002
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4821, Free-Space Laser Communication and Laser Imaging II, (9 December 2002);
Show Author Affiliations
Alan L. Migdall, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
David A. Branning, Univ. of Illinois/Urbana-Champaign (United States)
Stefania Castelletto, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Istituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale Galileo Ferraris (Italy)
M. Ware, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4821:
Free-Space Laser Communication and Laser Imaging II
Jennifer C. Ricklin; David G. Voelz, Editor(s)

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