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Proceedings Paper

Neutron Guinier camera
Author(s): Mihai Popovici; Alexandru Dan Stoica; David L. Worcester
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Paper Abstract

The feasibility of Guinier cameras for small angle neutron scattering (SANS) is analyzed theoretically and experimentally. Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is commonly measured with Guinier cameras1 that use bent perfect crystals to focus to detector beams from point sources of characteristic X-rays. Neutron Guinier cameras do not exist yet, although focusing to detector has occasionally been tried. The philosophy of current SANS pinhole instruments is to gain intensity from broad wavelength bands at tight collimation. With characteristic X-rays, intensity gains can only come from broad angular divergences. Neutron focusing instruments represent a return, at a higher level, to the philosophy of characteristic X-rays. Such a return is advocated in this paper for SANS. The resolution of Guinier cameras is defined not by the collimation (which is relaxed), but by the beam size at focus and the spatial resolution of the position sensitive detector (which should match each other). Within the recent concept of neutron imaging2 multi-wafer monochromators can provide image sizes comparable to the thickness of one wafer in the bent packet. The imaging may be non-dispersive, at broad wavelength bands, like with mirrors in conventional optics. These are the right ingredients for convergent neutron beams in Guinier cameras. The paper addresses the question whether the increased angular divergence can compensate for the reduced size of the source that is imaged into a sharp spot at detector. A neutron Guinier camera at thermal neutron energies is evaluated. It turns to be quite feasible, providing moderate resolution at high intensity with detection systems in current use for high-resolution neutron diffraction. High-resolution SANS is also possible with detection by image plates or microchannel plate systems. Tests were performed using a single wafer and a packet of bent silicon wafers in both Bragg and Laue (transmission) geometry in non-dispersive imaging arrangements. Experiments have confirmed expectations. SANS data obtained in neutron Guinier camera conditions on samples of collagen and lipids are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 November 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4785, Advances in Neutron Scattering Instrumentation, (18 November 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.451679
Show Author Affiliations
Mihai Popovici, Univ. of Missouri/Columbia (United States)
Alexandru Dan Stoica, Oak Ridge National Lab. (United States)
David L. Worcester, Univ. of Missouri/Columbia (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4785:
Advances in Neutron Scattering Instrumentation
Ian S. Anderson; Bruno Guérard, Editor(s)

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