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Proceedings Paper

Thermocapillary flow in a thin annular pool of silicon melt
Author(s): Yourong Li; Nobuyuki Imaishi; Takeshi Azami; Taketoshi Hibiya
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Paper Abstract

In order to understand the nature of surface patterns on silicon melt in industrial Czochralski furnaces, we conducted a series of unsteady three-dimensional numerical simulations of thermocapillary flow in thin silicon melt pools in annular containers under microgravity. The pool is heated from the outer cylindrical wall and cooled at the inner wall. Bottom and top surfaces either are adiabatic or allow heat transfer in the vertical direction. With large temperature difference in the radial direction, the simulation can predict two types of oscillatory convections. One is characterized by spoke patterns traveling in the azimuthal direction. The other one is characterized by radially extended roll cells periodically alternating the azimuthal flow directions but are stationary. The small vertical heat flux (3W/cm2) does not have significant effects on the characteristics of those oscillatory flows. Details of the flow and temperature disturbances are discussed and the critical conditions for the incipience of the oscillatory flow are determined.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 October 2002
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4813, Crystal Materials for Nonlinear Optical Devices and Microgravity Science, (25 October 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.450139
Show Author Affiliations
Yourong Li, Kyushu Univ. (Japan)
Chongqing Univ. (China)
Nobuyuki Imaishi, Kyushu Univ. (Japan)
Takeshi Azami, NEC Corp. (Japan)
Taketoshi Hibiya, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4813:
Crystal Materials for Nonlinear Optical Devices and Microgravity Science
Ravindra B. Lal; Donald O. Frazier; Narayanan Ramachandran, Editor(s)

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