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Proceedings Paper

Electrochromic tungsten oxide films for variable infrared reflectance devices
Author(s): Michael G. Hutchins; Jose M. Gallego; Paul E. Y. Milne; Dawn Jeffrey; Ian D. Brotherston; E. O'Keefe; A. John Topping; N. S. Butt
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Paper Abstract

The dependence of the infrared spectral optical constants, n(lambda ) and k(lambda ), of electrochromic tungsten oxide thin films, prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering at different substrate temperatures, on the quantities of charge, q, inserted has been determined from spectrophotometric measurements of transmittance and reflectance. For WO3 films deposited at temperatures greater than 200 degree(s)C significant infrared absorption is observed to rise with increasing levels of charge insertion. For the most crystalline films prepared at temperatures greater than 350 degree(s)C the rates of change dn(lambda )/dq and dk(lambda )/dq are greatest. The results provide essential design data for variable reflectance/emittance devices. Rear surface devices, which mask the reflectance of a highly reflective rear surface mirror through a charge dependent increase in k(lambda ), have been successfully demonstrated using either liquid or solid electrolytes. Monolithic devices have been prepared using a hybrid combination of sputtered and electron-beam evaporated coatings.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 November 2001
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4458, Solar and Switching Materials, (13 November 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.448241
Show Author Affiliations
Michael G. Hutchins, Oxford Brookes Univ. (United Kingdom)
Jose M. Gallego, Pilkington Group Research (United Kingdom)
Paul E. Y. Milne, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency Malvern (United Kingdom)
Dawn Jeffrey, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency Malvern (United Kingdom)
Ian D. Brotherston, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency Malvern (United Kingdom)
E. O'Keefe, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency Farnborough (United Kingdom)
A. John Topping, Oxford Brookes Univ. (United Kingdom)
N. S. Butt, Oxford Brookes Univ. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4458:
Solar and Switching Materials
Carl M. Lampert; Carl M. Lampert; Claes-Goran Granqvist; Claes-Goeran Granqvist; Keith L. Lewis; Keith L. Lewis, Editor(s)

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