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Proceedings Paper

Low-power 3-axis magnetometers using spin dependent tunneling for UGS and security applications
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Paper Abstract

Spin Dependent Tunneling (SDT) magnetic field sensors are under development as high performance magnetometers for Unattended Ground Sensing applications. These sensors have been successfully incorporated into a 3-axis magnetometer circuit for prototype level demonstrations with noise floors on the order of 1 nT / root Hz. at 1 Hz. Future versions of these magnetometers will require lower power and lower noise floor than the existing prototype. This paper examines near term developments in the SDT magnetometer power requirements, considering the transducer + amplifier combination as the basic unit. An emphasis is placed on discussing the trade-offs between low power and high sensitivity. The impact of both SDT transducer impedance and amplifier power and noise are considered. Projections show that a 1 pT / root Hz at 1 Hz noise floor is achievable in a transducer + amplifier unit consuming 1 to 10 mW. SDT sensors are being made in an effort to reach these goals. Special emphasis in this paper is on efforts to make an intrinsically low power transducer. Further discussion will explain some fundamentals of SDT sensor operation and how they impact ultimate expected magnetometer performance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 August 2002
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4743, Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications IV, (7 August 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.447040
Show Author Affiliations
Mark Tondra, NVE Corp. (United States)
Albrect Jander, NVE Corp. (United States)
Catherine A. Nordman, NVE Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4743:
Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications IV
Edward M. Carapezza, Editor(s)

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