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Proceedings Paper

Synthesis and characterization of novel acid-sensitive tert-butyl methacrylate and isobutyl methacrylate containing star-shaped polymers
Author(s): Timothy E. Long; Lars Kilian; Zhen-He Wang; Alan R. Esker
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Paper Abstract

Star-shaped polymers containing poly(isobutyl methacrylate) (iBMA) and poly(tert-butyl methacrylate) (t-BMA) arms coupled to a 2,5-dimethyl-2,5-hexanediol dimethacrylate (DHDMA) core were synthesized using arm-first living anionic polymerization. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) indicated that coupling efficiencies were high and coupled products exhibited a monomodal molecular weight distribution. The star-shaped polymer number--average molecular weights were 8-10 times higher than the precursor arm molecular weights. The ratio of coupling reagent to living chain end concentration controlled the molecular weight of the star-shaped polymer and the number of coupled arms. The molecular weight distributions of the star-shaped polymers ranged from 1.5-2.0. Due to the labile tertiary- butyl esters contained in the DHDMA cores, these star-shaped polymers were readily hydrolyzed in the presence of acid catalysts. For example, poly(iBMA) star-shaped polymers were hydrolytically stable at 25 degree(s)C and hydrolyzed readily at 65 degree(s)C in the presence of hydrochloric acid. In addition, the poly(t-BMA) containing star--shaped polymers degraded under similar conditions. The degradation process for the iBMA and t-BMA containing star-shaped polymers was confirmed using 1H NMR spectroscopy, and poly(iBMA)-block- poly(methacrylic acid) and poly(methacrylic acid) were obtained, respectively.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 October 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4512, Complex Adaptive Structures, (23 October 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.446778
Show Author Affiliations
Timothy E. Long, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)
Lars Kilian, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)
Zhen-He Wang, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)
Alan R. Esker, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4512:
Complex Adaptive Structures
William B. Spillman Jr., Editor(s)

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