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Proceedings Paper

Quantum well infrared photodetectors (QWIP) with selectively regrown N-GaAs plugs
Author(s): Yusuke Matsukura; Hironori Nishino; Hitoshi Tanaka; Toshio Fujii
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Paper Abstract

We fabricated the GaAs/AlGaAs Quantum Well Infrared Photo detector (QWIP) focal plane array with selectively re-grown N- GaAs interconnection plugs and demonstrated its device operation, in order to establish the technology to obtain both complex device functions and device manufacturability. MBE (Molecular Beam Epitaxy) grown QWIP MQW wafers were covered with SiON and SiNx mask films to obtain selectivity of the re-growth process. N-GaAs plugs were re-grown selectively with low-pressure MOCVD (Metal-Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition) with AsH3 and Dimethylgalliumchloride as precursors, only on the bottom surfaces of the holes for the interconnection to extract the electrodes from the underlying epilayer. Cross- sectional SEM observation revealed that the feature of the re- grown N-GaAs plugs was triangular, rather than rectangular as expected. The reason for this discrepancy is not yet clear. The electrical contact between the epilayer and re-grown N- GaAs plug was 'ohmic-like,' without any trace of interfacial barrier. The Current-Voltage characteristics of the fabricated QWIP device showed no tangible leakage current between the N- GaAs plug and device structure, indicating that electrical insulation between the N-GaAs plugs and device structure was sufficient. Fabricated devices were successfully operated as a hybrid focal plane array, indicating the selective re-growth was a promising technique to realize complex QWIP based devices.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 October 2001
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4369, Infrared Technology and Applications XXVII, (10 October 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.445310
Show Author Affiliations
Yusuke Matsukura, Fujitsu Labs. Ltd. (Japan)
Hironori Nishino, Fujitsu Labs. Ltd. (Japan)
Hitoshi Tanaka, Fujitsu Labs. Ltd. (Japan)
Toshio Fujii, Fujitsu Labs. Ltd. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4369:
Infrared Technology and Applications XXVII
Bjorn F. Andresen; Gabor F. Fulop; Marija Strojnik, Editor(s)

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