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Proceedings Paper

Effects of pressure rise on cw laser ablation of tissue
Author(s): Gerald L. LeCarpentier; Massoud Motamedi; Ashley J. Welch
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Paper Abstract

The objectives of this research were to identify mechanisms responsible for the initiation of continuous wave (cw) laser ablation of tissue and investigate the role of pressure in the ablation process. Porcine aorta samples were irradiated in a chamber pressurized from 1 X 10-4 to 12 atmospheres absolute pressure. Acrylic and Zn-Se windows in the experimental pressure chamber allowed video and infrared cameras to simultaneously record mechanical and thermal events associated with cw argon laser ablation of these samples. Video and thermal images of tissue slabs documented the explosive nature of cw laser ablation of soft biological media and revealed similar ablation threshold temperatures and ablation onset times under different environmental pressures; however, more violent initiation explosions with decreasing environmental pressures were observed. These results suggest that ablation initiates with thermal alterations in the mechanical strength of the tissue and proceeds with an explosion induced by the presence superheated liquid within the tissue.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 1991
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 1427, Laser-Tissue Interaction II, (1 June 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.44112
Show Author Affiliations
Gerald L. LeCarpentier, Univ. of Texas/Austin (United States)
Massoud Motamedi, Wayne State Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Ashley J. Welch, Univ. of Texas/Austin (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1427:
Laser-Tissue Interaction II
Steven L. Jacques, Editor(s)

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