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Proceedings Paper

Doppler-guided retrograde catheterization system
Author(s): Leon J. Frazin; Michael J. Vonesh; Krishnan B. Chandran; Fouad Khasho; George M. Lanza; James V. Talano; David D. McPherson
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Paper Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate a Doppler guided catheterization system as an adjunctive or alternative methodology to overcome the disadvantages of left heart catheterization and angiography. These disadvantages include the biological effects of radiation and the toxic and volume effects of iodine contrast. Doppler retrograde guidance uses a 20 MHz circular pulsed Doppler crystal incorporated into the tip of a triple lumen multipurpose catheter and is advanced retrogradely using the directional flow information provided by the Doppler waveform. The velocity detection limits are either 1 m/second or 4 m/second depending upon the instrumentation. In a physiologic flow model of the human aortic arch, multiple data points revealed a positive wave form when flow was traveling toward the catheter tip indicating proper alignment for retrograde advancement. There was a negative wave form when flow was traveling away from the catheter tip if the catheter was in a branch or bent upon itself indicating improper catheter tip position for retrograde advancement. In a series of six dogs, the catheter was able to be accurately advanced from the femoral artery to the left ventricular chamber under Doppler signal guidance without the use of x-ray. The potential applications of a Doppler guided retrograde catheterization system include decreasing time requirements and allowing safer catheter guidance in patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease and suspected aortic dissection. The Doppler system may allow left ventricular pressure monitoring in the intensive care unit without the need for x-ray and it may allow left sided contrast echocardiography. With pulse velocity detection limits of 4 m/second, this system may allow catheter direction and passage into the aortic root and left ventricle in patients with aortic stenosis. A modification of the Doppler catheter may include transponder technology which would allow precise catheter tip localization once the catheter tip is placed in the aortic root. Such technology may conceivably assist in allowing selective coronary catheterization. These studies have demonstrated that Doppler guided retrograde catheterization provides an accurate method to catheterization the aortic root and left ventricular chamber without x-ray. In humans, it may prove useful in a variety of settings including the development of invasive ultrasonic diagnostic and therapeutic technology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 1991
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 1425, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Cardiovascular Interventions, (1 May 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.44038
Show Author Affiliations
Leon J. Frazin, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Michael J. Vonesh, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Krishnan B. Chandran, Univ. of Iowa (United States)
Fouad Khasho, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
George M. Lanza, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
James V. Talano, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
David D. McPherson, Northwestern Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1425:
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Cardiovascular Interventions
George S. Abela M.D., Editor(s)

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