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Proceedings Paper

Laser angioplasty with lensed fibers and a holmium:YAG laser in iliac artery occlusions
Author(s): Christopher J. White M.D.; Stephen R. Ramee M.D.; Juan E. Mesa M.D.; Tyrone J. Collins M.D.; Robert Kotmel; Maureen A. Godfrey
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Paper Abstract

Holmium-YAG (2.1 (mu) ) laser recanalization was attempted in 10 totally occluded miniature swine iliac arteries using a lensed fiber delivery system. The iliac artery occlusions were created in a Yucatan miniature swine model of atherosclerosis by means of a high cholesterol diet and balloon endothelial denudation. In order to increase the spot size, a spherical silica lens was attached to the distal end of a 300 micrometers core diameter silica optical fiber. The holmium-YAG laser was operated in the free-running mode with 250 microsecond(s) ec pulses at 4 Hz. The energy delivered was 225 mJ per pulse for the 1.0 mm lensed fiber and 200 mJ per pulse for the 1.3 mm lensed fiber. Laser energy was delivered in 2 to 5 second bursts. Successful recanalization was achieved in all 10 arteries attempted without perforation of the arterial wall. The average length of the occlusions was 5.0 +/- 1.8 cm. Following successful laser recanalization significant stenoses (>50%) remained in all of the arteries as judged by angiography. In conclusion, the lensed fibers coupled to the pulsed holmium-YAG laser were safe and effective in recanalizing these difficult lesions in relatively straight iliac arteries. There is potential clinical utility for this system as an adjunct to balloon angioplasty in patients with lesions which are unable to be crossed with guidewires.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 1991
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 1425, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Cardiovascular Interventions, (1 May 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.44025
Show Author Affiliations
Christopher J. White M.D., Alton Ochsner Medical Institutions (United States)
Stephen R. Ramee M.D., Alton Ochsner Medical Institutions (United States)
Juan E. Mesa M.D., Alton Ochsner Medical Institutions (United States)
Tyrone J. Collins M.D., Alton Ochsner Medical Institutions (United States)
Robert Kotmel, Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. (United States)
Maureen A. Godfrey, Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1425:
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Cardiovascular Interventions
George S. Abela M.D., Editor(s)

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