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Proceedings Paper

Support vector machines for broad-area feature classification in remotely sensed images
Author(s): Simon J. Perkins; Neal R. Harvey; Steven P. Brumby; Kevin Lacker
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Paper Abstract

Classification of broad area features in satellite imagery is one of the most important applications of remote sensing. It is often difficult and time-consuming to develop classifiers by hand, so many researchers have turned to techniques from the fields of statistics and machine learning to automatically generate classifiers. Common techniques include Maximum Likelihood classifiers, neural networks and genetic algorithms. We present a new system called Afreet, which uses a recently developed machine learning paradigm called Support Vector Machines (SVMs). In contrast to other techniques, SVMs offer a solid mathematical foundation that provides a probabalistic guarantee on how well the classifier will generalize to unseen data. In addition the SVM training algorithm is guaranteed to converge to the globally optimal SVM classifier, can learn highly non-linear discrimination functions, copes extremely well with high-dimensional feature spaces (such as hyperspectral data), and scales well to large problem sizes. Afreet combines an SVM with a sophisticated spatio-spectral feature construction mechanism that allows it to classify spectrally ambiguous pixels. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the system by applying Afreet to several broad area classification problems in remote sensing, and provide a comparison with conventional Maximum Likelihood classification.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 August 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4381, Algorithms for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery VII, (20 August 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.437019
Show Author Affiliations
Simon J. Perkins, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Neal R. Harvey, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Steven P. Brumby, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Kevin Lacker, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4381:
Algorithms for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery VII
Sylvia S. Shen; Michael R. Descour, Editor(s)

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