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Proceedings Paper

Conducting polymer, carbon nanotube, and hybrid actuator materials
Author(s): Geoffrey M. Spinks; Gordon G. Wallace; Christopher D. Carter; Dezhi Zhou; Leonard S. Fifield; Clint R. Kincaid; Ray H. Baughman
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Paper Abstract

The electromechanical actuation performance of carbon nanotube mats, polypyrrole films and hybrid nanotube-polypryrrole materials has been compared. The hybrid materials were formed by coating nanotube mats with polypyrrole using vapour deposition and electropolymerisation techniques. When the coating time was short, the hybrid materials showed the electrochemical responses typical of polypyrrole and retained the porous structure of the nanotube mats. The actuator response of the different materials was determined isotonically at different applied loads. The nanotube mat and hybrid materials gave actuator strains that were largely insensitive to the applied stress up to ~ 10 MPa. The hybrid materials were virtually identical to the uncoated nanotube mats in terms of actuator performance. A simple model showed that the actuator strain depends upon the difference in elastic modulus of the actuator material in the doped and undoped states.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 July 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4329, Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices, (16 July 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.432646
Show Author Affiliations
Geoffrey M. Spinks, Univ. of Wollongong (Australia)
Gordon G. Wallace, Univ. of Wollongong (Australia)
Christopher D. Carter, Univ. of Wollongong (Australia)
Dezhi Zhou, Univ. of Wollongong (Australia)
Leonard S. Fifield, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Clint R. Kincaid, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Ray H. Baughman, Honeywell Technology Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4329:
Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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