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Proceedings Paper

Response of dielectric elastomer actuators
Author(s): Peter Sommer-Larsen; Jacob C. Hooker; Guggi Kofod; Keld West; Mohammed Benslimane; Peter Gravesen
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Paper Abstract

Elastomer films sandwiched between compliant electrodes work as electrostatic actuators when a large electric field is applied over the electrodes. We have analyzed the mechanical and electrical response of actuators to a sinusoidal varying driving voltage. The actuator acts as a capacitor in the electric circuit, but due to very high strains, the capacitance changes during a work cycle. The extension of the actuator is electrostrictive in response, hence it depends on the square of the applied field and oscillates with twice the driving frequency. The response is non-linear. This change in dimension is coupled back into the electric circuit through the capacitance of the film and the current oscillates with the first, third and odd higher-order harmonics. Due to this coupling, measurements of the current allows one to determine the expansion of the actuator, and hence to control the actuator.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 July 2001
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 4329, Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices, (16 July 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.432641
Show Author Affiliations
Peter Sommer-Larsen, Risoe National Lab. (Denmark)
Jacob C. Hooker, Risoe National Lab. (Denmark)
Guggi Kofod, Risoe National Lab. (Denmark)
Keld West, Risoe National Lab. (Denmark)
Mohammed Benslimane, Danfoss A/S (Denmark)
Peter Gravesen, Danfoss A/S (Denmark)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4329:
Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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