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Proceedings Paper

Dielectric elastomers: generator mode fundamentals and applications
Author(s): Ron Pelrine; Roy D. Kornbluh; Joseph Eckerle; Philip Jeuck; Seajin Oh; Qibing Pei; Scott Stanford
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Paper Abstract

Dielectric elastomers have shown great promise as actuator materials. Their advantages in converting mechanical to electrical energy in a generator mode are less well known. If a low voltage charge is placed on a stretched elastomer prior to contraction, the contraction works against the electrostatic field pressure and raises the voltage of the charge, thus generating electrical energy. This paper discusses the fundamentals of dielectric elastomer generators, experimental verification of the phenomenon, practical issues, and potential applications. Acrylic elastomers have demonstrated an estimated 0.4 J/g specific energy density, greater than that of piezoelectric materials. Much higher energy densities, over 1 J/g, are predicted. Conversion efficiency can also be high, theoretically up to 80-90%; the paper discusses the operating conditions and materials required for high efficiency. Practical considerations may limit the specific outputs and efficiencies of dielectric elastomeric generators, tradeoffs between electronics and generator material performance are discussed. Lastly, the paper describes work on potential applications such as an ongoing effort to develop a boot generator based on dielectric elastomers, as well as other applications such as conventional power generators, backpack generators, and wave power applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 July 2001
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4329, Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices, (16 July 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.432640
Show Author Affiliations
Ron Pelrine, SRI International (United States)
Roy D. Kornbluh, SRI International (United States)
Joseph Eckerle, SRI International (United States)
Philip Jeuck, SRI International (United States)
Seajin Oh, SRI International (United States)
Qibing Pei, SRI International (United States)
Scott Stanford, SRI International (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4329:
Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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