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Proceedings Paper

Evaluating imaging systems in the absence of truth: a comparison of ROC and mixture distribution analysis in computer-aided diagnosis in mammography
Author(s): Harold L. Kundel; Marcia Polansky; Megan Phelan
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Paper Abstract

A rigorous ROC analysis requires independent proof of cases that cannot be obtained in many practical clinical situations. An alternative is measurement of diagnostic reliability as relative percent agreement (RPA). A large set of mammograms read with and without computer aided diagnosis (CAD) was used to compare the ROC area (Az) using proof and RPA using agreement. A subset of 767 (416 normal and 351 abnormal) cases read by 5 generalists and 5 mammographers was selected from the readings on 900 proved mammograms read with and without CAD. The Az was calculated using the multireader-multicase (MRMC) method. The RPA was calculated from a mixture distribution analysis (MDA) using the EM algorithm. Individual reader values were calculated by a jackknife procedure. With and without CAD the Az was .90 and .88 for the mammographers (p equals .04) and .87 and .86 for the generalists (p equals .5). The RPA was 90 and 83 for mammographers (p equals .08) and 82 and 85 for generalists (p equals .3). The correlation between Az and RPA was 0.6. The larger variance of the RPA decreases statistical power. The MDA may be a useful method for comparing imaging modalities in clinical studies where definitive proof cannot be obtained.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 June 2001
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 4324, Medical Imaging 2001: Image Perception and Performance, (26 June 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.431183
Show Author Affiliations
Harold L. Kundel, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Marcia Polansky, MCP Hahnemann Univ. (United States)
Megan Phelan, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4324:
Medical Imaging 2001: Image Perception and Performance
Elizabeth A. Krupinski; Dev Prasad Chakraborty, Editor(s)

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