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Proceedings Paper

Can telepresent observers learn to take account of enhanced binocular disparities?
Author(s): Andrew R. Willis; Mark F. Bradshaw; Paul B. Hibbard; Neil S. Stringer; Ian R. L. Davies; Simon J. Watt
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Paper Abstract

Binocular telepresence systems afford the opportunity of increasing the inter-camera distance (ICD) beyond the normal interocular distance (IOD) which magnifies the magnitude of the disparity information. This improves performance in nulling and matching tasks. Here we examine whether telepresent observers can learn to use enhanced disparities to accurately perform tasks requiring the recovery of Euclidean geometry (a shape task). The design comprised three phases: pre-adaptation (ICD equals 6.5 cm), adaptation (ICD equals 3.25 or 13 cm) and post-adaptation (ICD equals 6.5 cm). Telepresent observers were required to adjust the magnitude of a depth interval (specified by binocular disparity) so that it matched a specified 2D interval specified by two lights (set between 5 and 15 cm) in an otherwise blacked-out scene. In the adaptation phase, the ICD/IOD ratio was changed to 0.5 or 2 and observers adjusted the depth interval repeatedly until a performance criterion was reached. Two forms of feedback were given in the adaptation phase: direct, where another light was shown at the correct disparity; and symbolic, where a signed number indicated the magnitude and direction of the error. Observers were clearly affected by ICD/IOD changes but learned the new ratio rapidly under both feedback conditions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 June 2001
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4297, Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems VIII, (22 June 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.430834
Show Author Affiliations
Andrew R. Willis, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency Farnborough (United Kingdom)
Mark F. Bradshaw, Univ. of Surrey (United Kingdom)
Paul B. Hibbard, Univ. of Surrey (United Kingdom)
Neil S. Stringer, Univ. of Surrey (United Kingdom)
Ian R. L. Davies, Univ. of Surrey (United Kingdom)
Simon J. Watt, Univ. of Surrey (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4297:
Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems VIII
Mark T. Bolas; Andrew J. Woods; Mark T. Bolas; John O. Merritt; Stephen A. Benton, Editor(s)

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