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Proceedings Paper

Optical-thermal model verification by high-speed optical coherence tomography
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Paper Abstract

Optical-thermal models that can accurately predict temperature rise and damage in blood vessels and surrounding tissue may be used to improve the treatment of vascular disorders. Verification of these models has been hampered by the lack of time- and depth-resolved experimental data. In vitro and in vivo studies were performed to visualize laser irradiation of blood in cuvettes or cutaneous (hamster dorsal skin flap) blood vessels. Two optical coherence tomography systems, one operating at 400 a-scans per second and the other at 4-30 frames per second, were used. For the in vitro study, a frequency doubled Nd:YAG laser was used (532 nm, 10 ms pulse duration, 2 mm spot size, 10 J/cm2 radiant exposure). In vivo, an Argon laser was employed (all lines, 0.1-2.0 s pulse duration, 0.1-1.0 mm spot size, 100- 400 mW power. Video microscopy images were compared to predictions of temperature rise and damage using Monte Carlo and finite difference techniques. In general, predicted damage agreed with actual blood, blood vessel, and surrounding tissue coagulation seen in images. However, limitations of current optical-thermal models were identified, such as the inability to model the dynamic changes in blood optical properties and vessel diameters that were seen in the optical coherence tomography images.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 May 2001
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4251, Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedical Science and Clinical Applications V, (23 May 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.427891
Show Author Affiliations
Jennifer Kehlet Barton, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Andrew M. Rollins, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Siavash Yazdanfar, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
T. Joshua Pfefer, Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)
Volker Westphal, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Joseph A. Izatt, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4251:
Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedical Science and Clinical Applications V
Valery V. Tuchin; Joseph A. Izatt; James G. Fujimoto, Editor(s)

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