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Proceedings Paper

Hypothalamus warming for ischemia protection
Author(s): B. Stuart Trembly; P. Jack Hoopes D.V.M.; Karen L. Moodie; Gary A. Carson; Marc E. Voorhees; Jack A. Boulant
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Paper Abstract

An emerging neuroprotectant therapy for stroke is mild hypothermia, defined as reducing core temperature by 2-4 °C for 24-48 hours. However, patients must be anesthetized to overcome their thermoregulatory response, resulting in complications and an inability to assess their developing condition. We are designing a system to treat awake patients by warming the preoptic anterior hypothalamus (POAH) using microwave energy. The POAH acts as a thermostat, and warming has been shown in animals to elicit core and brain temperature reductions. A catheter containing a directional antenna will be placed in the nasal cavity proximate to the POAH and will warm it 2 °C through absorption of microwave energy. An integrated surface cooling system will increase the distance from the catheter at which tissue temperature is elevated. This revolutionary method could provide physicians with a minimally invasive means of improving the outcome of patients suffering brain ischemia due to stroke. In this paper, will describe the theoretical prediction of temperature distribution as well as the initial evaluation of the applicator in a pig model.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 2001
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4247, Thermal Treatment of Tissue: Energy Delivery and Assessment, (1 June 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.427861
Show Author Affiliations
B. Stuart Trembly, Dartmouth College (United States)
P. Jack Hoopes D.V.M., Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Ctr. (United States)
Karen L. Moodie, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Ctr. (United States)
Gary A. Carson, MediVance, Inc. (United States)
Marc E. Voorhees, MediVance, Inc. (United States)
Jack A. Boulant, The Ohio State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4247:
Thermal Treatment of Tissue: Energy Delivery and Assessment
Thomas P. Ryan, Editor(s)

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