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Proceedings Paper

Photoinduced anisotropy and holographic recording in amorphous chalcogenides
Author(s): Andris O. Ozols; Mara J. Reinfelde; Olli Nordman; Nina Nordman
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Paper Abstract

The effect of photoinduced anisotropy and its application to vector hologram recording is reviewed focusing on amorphous chalcogenides. Vector holographic grating recording in amorphous As-S-Se(a-As-S-Se) films is experimentally studied and analyzed in comparison with scalar recording. It is holographically established that a linearly polarized 632.8 nm light produces photoinduced anisotropy and the chalcogen related D+, D- center reorientation and generation mechanism is proposed. It is used to explain the observed peculiarities of vector recording in comparison with scalar recording based on photoinduced structural changes: much lower diffraction efficiency (4 X 10-3% versus 4%), much larger specific recording energy [6.4 kJ/(cm2%) versus 20 J/(cm2%)], difference in spatial frequency response, instability (vector hologram lifetime of about two days versus practically permanent scalar holograms), the absence of hologram self-enhancement (present in scalar recording), near perfect reversibility. It is also experimentally found that vector holograms in a-As-S-Se films indeed reconstruct the signal wave polarization but only in the minus first diffraction order. It is also shown that photoinduced anisotropy also contributes to the scalar hologram recording in amorphous chalcogenides stimulating it by means of subbandgap readout light and enabling a subbandgap recording.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 April 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4415, Optical Organic and Inorganic Materials, (10 April 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.425471
Show Author Affiliations
Andris O. Ozols, Riga Technical Univ. and Univ. of Latvia (Latvia)
Mara J. Reinfelde, Univ. of Latvia (Latvia)
Olli Nordman, Optical Sciences Ctr./Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Nina Nordman, Univ. of Joensuu (Finland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4415:
Optical Organic and Inorganic Materials
Steponas P. Asmontas; Jonas Gradauskas, Editor(s)

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