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Proceedings Paper

Mathematical modeling of sputtering-induced surface roughness
Author(s): Mohammad Yeakub Ali; Wayne Nguyen Phu Hung; Shu Yuan
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Paper Abstract

This paper develops a sputtering-induced surface roughness model. The model is necessary to control surface roughness of a replicating tool that is machined by focused ion beam (FIB). The significant Gaussian intensity level of FIB profile is determined first, the mathematical model of surface roughness is then developed. The surface roughness function is the combination of the beam function and the material function. The beam function includes ion type, acceleration energy, ion flux, ion beam intensity distribution, tailing and neighboring of the successive beams, and dwell time. The cumulative intensity at a location is calculated by the algebraic summation of individual beam intensity delivered to every pixel successively. The material function includes the inherent material properties related to the ion beam micromachining, such as crystallographic structure and orientation, atomic density, binding energy. Experimental data for silicon verifies the validity of this model.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 April 2001
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4408, Design, Test, Integration, and Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS 2001, (5 April 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.425392
Show Author Affiliations
Mohammad Yeakub Ali, Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)
Wayne Nguyen Phu Hung, Nanyang Technological Univ. (United States)
Shu Yuan, Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4408:
Design, Test, Integration, and Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS 2001
Bernard Courtois; Jean Michel Karam; Steven Peter Levitan; Karen W. Markus; Andrew A. O. Tay; James A. Walker, Editor(s)

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