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Proceedings Paper

Room-temperature mirror preparation using sol-gel chemistry and laminar-flow coating technique
Author(s): Philippe F. Belleville; Claude Bonnin; Eric Lavastre; Philippe Pegon; Yannick Rorato
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Paper Abstract

The CEA/DAM megajoule-class pulsed Nd:glass laser devoted to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) research is requiring 240 cavity-end mirrors. The mirror design is based on 44-cm square highly-reflective (HR)-coated deformable substrates. Such large dielectric mirrors are using interference quarterwave stacks of SiO2 and ZrO2-PVP (PolyVinylPyrrolidone) thin films starting from sol-gel colloidal suspensions (sols). The colloidal/polymeric ratio of the ZrO2-PVP composite system has been optimized regarding refractive index value, laser damage threshold and chemical interactions have been studied using FT-IR spectroscopy. Therefore a promising deposition technique so- called Laminar Flow Coating (LFC) has been associated to sol-gel chemistry for HR sol-gel coating development. The as-designed LFC prototype machine has been used for coating solution wave deposition by transportation of a tubular dispense unit under the substrate flat surface. Thin film so created by the solvent evaporation was then dried at room temperature or using short wavelength UV-curing built-in station. Optimization of parameters such as optical layer number, coating uniformity, coating edge effect, 1053-nm reflectance and laser damage threshold is discussed. Demonstration has been made that this novel coating method is a competitive way for large-area optical deposition compared to dipping or spinning techniques. Association of sol-gel colloidal suspensions to LFC process appear to be a promising cheap way of producing high power laser optical coatings.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 April 2001
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4347, Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, (12 April 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.425016
Show Author Affiliations
Philippe F. Belleville, CEA Le Ripault (France)
Claude Bonnin, CEA Le Ripault (France)
Eric Lavastre, CEA CESTA (France)
Philippe Pegon, Angenieux (France)
Yannick Rorato, Angenieux (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4347:
Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000
Gregory J. Exarhos; Arthur H. Guenther; Mark R. Kozlowski; Keith L. Lewis; M. J. Soileau, Editor(s)

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