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Proceedings Paper

Chronic imaging of amyloid plaques in the live mouse brain using multiphoton microscopy
Author(s): Brian J. Bacskai; Stephen T. Kajdasz; R. H. Christie; Warren R. Zipfel; Rebecca M. Williams; Karl A. Kasischke; Watt W. Webb; B. T. Hyman
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Paper Abstract

Transgenic mice expressing the human Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) develop amyloid plaques as they age. These plaques resemble those found in the human disease. Multiphoton laser scanning microscopy combined with a novel surgical approach was used to measure amyloid plaque dynamics chronically in the cortex of living transgenic mice. Thioflavine S (thioS) was used as a fluorescent marker of amyloid deposits. Multiphoton excitation allowed visualization of amyloid plaques up to 200 micrometers deep into the brain. The surgical site could be imaged repeatedly without overt damage to the tissue, and individual plaques within this volume could be reliably identified over periods of several days to several months. On average, plaque sizes remained constant over time, supporting a model of rapid deposition, followed by relative stability. Alternative reporters for in vivo histology include thiazine red, and FITC-labeled amyloid-(Beta) peptide. We also present examples of multi-color imaging using Hoechst dyes and FITC-labeled tomato lectin. These approaches allow us to observe cell nuclei or microglia simultaneously with amyloid-(Beta) deposits in vivo. Chronic imaging of a variety of reporters in these transgenic mice should provide insight into the dynamics of amyloid-(Beta) activity in the brain.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 April 2001
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4262, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences, (24 April 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.424546
Show Author Affiliations
Brian J. Bacskai, Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)
Stephen T. Kajdasz, Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)
R. H. Christie, Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)
Warren R. Zipfel, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Rebecca M. Williams, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Karl A. Kasischke, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Watt W. Webb, Cornell Univ. (United States)
B. T. Hyman, Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4262:
Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences
Ammasi Periasamy; Peter T. C. So, Editor(s)

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