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Proceedings Paper

Spectroradiometric calibration of blackbody sources
Author(s): Robert P. Madding
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Paper Abstract

An IR camera responds to infrared radiant energy over a waveband determined by the camera optics and detector. Most cameras operate in either the 3 to 5 micrometers or 8 to 12 micrometers wavebands as they represent good atmospheric windows. Temperature measurement using these cameras is performed within the camera, which will correct for target emissivity and background temperatures. The algorithm that does this makes a key assumption: the target is a graybody source (constant emissivity over the waveband of the IR camera). To effect this calculation, modern infrared (IR) cameras are calibrated using blackbody sources. The calibration data set is stored in the camera firmware as a lookup table. To be accurate, blackbody sources must be graybodies with emissivities very close to one. The fact that there are no perfect blackbodies can be overcome as long as the emissivity is constant with wavelength. Spectroradiometric calibration of blackbody sources is the best way to ensure the radiant energy emanating from the source follows Planck's law over the waveband of the IR camera being calibrated (another way of saying graybody). At FLIR Systems, Inc. we used a CI Systems SR-5000 spectroradiometer to spectrally characterize 20 blackbody sources of various manufacturer and type.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 March 2001
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4360, Thermosense XXIII, (23 March 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.421014
Show Author Affiliations
Robert P. Madding, Infrared Training Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4360:
Thermosense XXIII
Andres E. Rozlosnik; Ralph B. Dinwiddie, Editor(s)

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