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Proceedings Paper

Imaging pyrometer for monitoring the surface temperature of a spray-formed steel billet
Author(s): Ronald A. Parker; Richard Allor
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Paper Abstract

A two-wavelength, imaging pyrometer was developed for real- time measurement of the surface temperature distribution of a spray-formed steel billet. This new spray-forming process is used to deposit bulk steel on a ceramic substrate in a surface temperature range of 300 degrees C to 400 degrees C, using four, twin-wire arc plasma torches. These steel billets are used as tools in metal forming processes, injection molding and die casting tools, and other processes that may need hard tooling, such as the automotive industry. The steel billet must be formed with a uniform, surface temperature distribution to minimize the thermal stresses within the steel, throughout the process. The imaging pyrometer uses a near-IR InGaAs CCD camera with high quantum efficiency from 0.95 to 1.75 microns. The wavelengths of 1.40 and 1.65 microns were selected to sense the low temperature billet. The camera has a format of 320 x 240 pixels with a pixel spacing of 30 microns and an integral 12-bit A/D converter with both video and digital outputs. The design of the pyrometer provides a working distance of 2.2 meters and a field of view of 0.6 meters. This technical paper describes the calibrations and initial measurement results obtained in a spray forming facility at the Ford Research Laboratory. The calibration provided intensity ratio measurements for surface temperatures ranging from 200 degrees C to 300 degrees C, the expected range of operation. The initial measurements described here depict the surface temperature distribution of the steel billet throughout the spray forming process, typically lasting several hours.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 March 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4360, Thermosense XXIII, (23 March 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.420980
Show Author Affiliations
Ronald A. Parker, Stratonics, Inc. (United States)
Richard Allor, Ford Motor Co. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4360:
Thermosense XXIII
Andres E. Rozlosnik; Ralph B. Dinwiddie, Editor(s)

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