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Proceedings Paper

High-speed actuation of shape memory alloy
Author(s): Jinhao Qiu; Junji Tani; D. Osanai; Y. Urushiyama
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Paper Abstract

The main problem with Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) actuators is their slow response speed. Current SMA actuators work in tens of seconds though they can generate large force and displacement outputs. The objective ofthe research in this paper is to improve the response speed of SMA actuators to 1 0 milliseconds or less. SMA actuators are driven by thermal energy and their slow response is attributed to the inefficient heat transfer. To improve the response, direct Ohmic heating was used in the experiments. The SMA actuators used in this study are Ti-Ni-Cu columns of ?5x5O mm with residual strain produced upon unloading after 5.3% axial compression. The transient displacement response of the SMA actuators without axial constraint and the transient force response of the actuators under axial constraint were measured with direct heating. The shortest response time achieved for unconstrained actuators is 4.6 ms and that for constrained actuators is 6.5 ms. The average value of maximum recovery force is 1 O.8kN, which corresponds to 55OMPa of recovery stress. It was also found that constrained actuators need about 50% more energy for heating than unconstrained actuators.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 March 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4235, Smart Structures and Devices, (21 March 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.420858
Show Author Affiliations
Jinhao Qiu, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)
Junji Tani, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)
D. Osanai, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)
Y. Urushiyama, Honda R&D Co., Ltd. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4235:
Smart Structures and Devices
Dinesh K. Sood; Ronald Albert Lawes; Vasundara V. Varadan, Editor(s)

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