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Proceedings Paper

Rapid identification of bacteria with miniaturized pyrolysis/GC analysis
Author(s): Catherine H. Morgan; Curtis Mowry; Ronald P. Manginell; Gregory C. Frye-Mason; Richard J. Kottenstette; Patrick Lewis
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Paper Abstract

Identification of bacteria and other biological moieties finds a broad range of applications in the environmental, biomedical, agricultural, industrial, and military arenas. Linking these applications are biological markers such as fatty acids, whose mass spectral profiles can be used to characterize biological samples and to distinguish bacteria at the gram-type, genera, and even species level. Common methods of sample analysis require sample preparation that is both lengthy and labor intensive, especially for whole cell bacteria. The background technique relied on here utilizes chemical derivatization of fatty acids to the more volatile fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs), which can be separated on a gas chromatograph column or input directly into a mass spectrometer. More recent publications demonstrate improved sample preparation time with in situ derivatization of whole bacterial samples using pyrolysis at the inlet; although much faster than traditional techniques, these systems still rely on bench-top analytical equipment and individual sample preparation. Development of a miniaturized pyrolysis/GC instrument by this group is intended to realize the benefits of FAME identification of bacteria and other biological samples while further facilitating sample handling and instrument portability. The technologies being fabricated and tested have the potential of achieving pyrolysis and FAME separation on a very small scale, with rapid detection time (1-10 min from introduction to result), and with a modular sample inlet. Performance results and sensor characterization will be presented for the first phase of instrument development, encompassing the microfabricated pyrolysis and gas chromatograph elements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 February 2001
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4205, Advanced Environmental and Chemical Sensing Technology, (26 February 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.417450
Show Author Affiliations
Catherine H. Morgan, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Curtis Mowry, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Ronald P. Manginell, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Gregory C. Frye-Mason, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Richard J. Kottenstette, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Patrick Lewis, Sandia National Labs. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4205:
Advanced Environmental and Chemical Sensing Technology
Tuan Vo-Dinh; Stephanus Buettgenbach, Editor(s)

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