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Proceedings Paper

Site-specific tumor-targeted fluorescent contrast agents
Author(s): Samuel I. Achilefu; Joseph E. Bugaj; Richard B. Dorshow; Hermo N. Jimenez; Raghavan Rajagopalan; R. Randy Wilhelm; Elizabeth G. Webb; Jack L. Erion
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Paper Abstract

Site-specific delivery of drugs and contrast agents to tumors protects normal tissues from the cytotoxic effect of drugs, and enhances the contrast between normal and diseased tissues. In optical medicine, biocompatible dyes can be used as photo therapeutics or as contrast agents. Previous studies have shown that the use of covalent or non-covalent dye conjugates of carries such as antibodies, liposomes, and polysaccharides improves the delivery of such molecules to tumors. However, large biomolecules can elicit adverse immunogenic reactions and also result in prolonged blood circulation times, delaying visualization of target tissues. A viable alternative to this strategy is to use small bioactive molecule-dye conjugates. These molecules have several advantages over large biomolecules, including ease of synthesis of a variety of high purity compounds for combinatorial screening of new targets, enhanced diffusivity to solid tumors, and the ability to affect the pharmocokinetics of the conjugates by minor structural changes. Thus, we conjugated a near IR light absorbing dye to bioactive peptides that specifically target over expressed tumor receptors in established rat tumor lines. High tumor uptake of the conjugates was obtained without loss of either the peptide receptor affinity or the dye fluorescence. These findings demonstrate the efficacy of a small peptide-dye conjugate strategy for in vivo tumor imaging. Site-specific delivery of photodynamic therapy agents may also benefit form this approach.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 January 2001
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4156, Clinical Lasers and Diagnostics, (31 January 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.413736
Show Author Affiliations
Samuel I. Achilefu, Mallinckrodt, Inc. (United States)
Joseph E. Bugaj, Mallinckrodt, Inc. (United States)
Richard B. Dorshow, Mallinckrodt, Inc. (United States)
Hermo N. Jimenez, Mallinckrodt, Inc. (United States)
Raghavan Rajagopalan, Mallinckrodt, Inc. (United States)
R. Randy Wilhelm, Mallinckrodt, Inc. (United States)
Elizabeth G. Webb, Mallinckrodt, Inc. (United States)
Jack L. Erion, Mallinckrodt, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4156:
Clinical Lasers and Diagnostics
Patrick Brouwer, Editor(s)

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