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Proceedings Paper

Kinetics of low-scattering biotissue photodenaturation induced by the UV harmonics of a Nd:YAP laser and by Nd:YAG laser at a wavelength of 1440 nm
Author(s): Nikita M. Bityurin; Sergey V. Muraviov; Vladislav A. Kamensky; Aleksey Yu. Malyshev; Evgeny V. Chelnokov; Lev V. Soustov; Grigory V. Gelikonov
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Paper Abstract

We study the effect of laser radiation on initially low scattering media such as egg white and crystalline substance. These media become highly scattering under laser irradiation. We perform and discuss three kinds of experiments, which elucidate the time dynamics of scattering of probe radiation. In the experiment of the first kind we investigate the pure photothermal denaturation of tissues under the effect of a Nd:YAG laser at a wavelength of 1440 nm (absorption coefficient in water is 26 cm-1). The theoretical model is derived which enables us to estimate the temperature rise involved. It also allow us to estimate the corresponding kinetics parameters of photodenaturation and characteristics of probe light scattering. In the experiment of the second kind we perform multiple pulse irradiation of tissues by UV harmonics (the fourth and the fifth) of a Nd:YAP laser with the aim to determine the characteristics of pure photochemical modification of materials. In these experiments the fluences were small enough to prevent heating of the materials. The results of the above experiments both of the first and the second kind allow us to estimate the relative contributions of photochemical modification of a tissue and photothermal protein denaturation within the experiments of the third kind, in which we use the mentioned above UV solid state laser harmonics at fluences high enough to produce heating of the materials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 November 2000
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 4161, Optical Biopsy and Tissue Optics, (16 November 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.409309
Show Author Affiliations
Nikita M. Bityurin, Institute of Applied Physics (Russia)
Sergey V. Muraviov, Institute of Applied Physics (Russia)
Vladislav A. Kamensky, Institute of Applied Physics (Russia)
Aleksey Yu. Malyshev, Institute of Applied Physics (Russia)
Evgeny V. Chelnokov, Institute of Applied Physics (Russia)
Lev V. Soustov, Institute of Applied Physics (Russia)
Grigory V. Gelikonov, Institute of Applied Physics (Russia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4161:
Optical Biopsy and Tissue Optics
Irving J. Bigio; Gerhard J. Mueller; Gerwin J. Puppels; Rudolf W. Steiner; Katarina Svanberg M.D., Editor(s)

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