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Proceedings Paper

Phase error correction for synthetic-aperture phased-array imaging systems
Author(s): James R. Fienup
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Paper Abstract

If one replaces the ordinary single receiver of a synthetic- aperture radar (SAR) with a linear array of receivers underneath the wings of an aircraft, one obtains a 3D signal history (to spatial dimensions plus the frequency dimension) that allows the computation of a 3D image (angle-angle- range) of a scene. Because of the limited extent of the wingspan, the cross-track resolution is limited, driving one to use high frequencies, such as 94 GHz, having a wavelength of 3.2 mm. At such short wavelengths, the motion of the wings during the synthetic-aperture integration time will cause large phase errors that will severely blur the image. This paper describes an approach to measuring and correcting these and other phase errors. The approach involves having three transmitters, each at a slightly different monotone frequency. Relative to the first receiver, the second is displaced along the direction of the array of receivers and the third is displaced perpendicular to that direction. The array of receivers can separate the three corresponding signals reflected form the ground from one another. We will show mathematical analysis that allows us to determine the phase errors at each receiver form these three signals. It is required either that the three transmitters experience the same phase errors (so they should be rigidly mounted together) or that the phase errors at the three transmitters are measured. No measurement of phase errors on the receivers is required.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 November 2000
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 4123, Image Reconstruction from Incomplete Data, (16 November 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.409285
Show Author Affiliations
James R. Fienup, Veridian ERIM International, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4123:
Image Reconstruction from Incomplete Data
Michael A. Fiddy; Rick P. Millane, Editor(s)

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