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Proceedings Paper

Advanced wavelenth division multiplexing with thermally fixed volume-phase gratings in iron-doped lithium niobate crystals
Author(s): Ingo Nee; O. Beyer; Manfred Mueller; Karsten Buse
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Paper Abstract

Fiber communication networks utilize wavelength-division- multiplexing (WDM) to enhance the transmission capacity of fiber-optical networks. This technique requires narrowband wavelength filters for multiplexing and de-multiplexing of the channels. We report on realization of an advanced multiplex/demultiplex device based on superimposed volume- phase gratings in lithium-niobate crystals. The gratings are recorded via the photorefractive effect by interference of two green laser beams. Thermal fixing is employed to increase the lifetime of the recorded gratings. Infrared light in the telecommunication wavelength region around 1500 nm is diffracted from the gratings. Each grating reflects light of a certain WDM channel. The selected wavelengths and the propagation directions of the diffracted beams are determined by spatial frequency and orientation of the gratings in the crystal. We will present the basic concept of this technology as well as recent advances : (1) construction and testing of a two-channel demultiplexer prototype (fiber to fiber insertion loss 5-6 dB, crosstalk less than -25 dB, channel spacing 0.8 nm), (2) simultaneous demultiplexing of 8 channels (separation 0.8 nm).

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 October 2000
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4110, Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications VI, (19 October 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.404769
Show Author Affiliations
Ingo Nee, Univ. Osnabrueck (Germany)
O. Beyer, Univ. Osnabrueck (Germany)
Manfred Mueller, Univ. Osnabrueck (Germany)
Karsten Buse, Univ. Osnabrueck (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4110:
Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications VI
Shizhuo Yin; Francis T. S. Yu, Editor(s)

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