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Proceedings Paper

Effect of diurnal and seasonal weather variations on the chemical signatures from buried land mines/UXO
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Paper Abstract

The chemical signature form buried landmines/UXO is affected by a number of environmental fate and transport processes in the soil such as vapor-solid and liquid-solid sorption, diffusion, biodegradation, and water movement. For shallow burial depths, land surface processes, such as wind, solar and long-wave radiation, and precipitation play an important role. The impact of these land surface processes has been evaluated for a landmine/UXO buried 5 cm below the surface using actual weather data for an entire year using the T2TNT computer code. The gas-phase concentration of the chemical signatures, which is used by most chemical sensors currently being developed, shows appreciable diurnal variation and minimum seasonal changes due to the change in the weather. The most dramatic variation in the gas-phase concentration occurs immediately after a rainfall following a long dry period. This information will impact the use of chemical sensors by indicating the best times of the day and best times of the year to sense these signatures.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 August 2000
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 4038, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets V, (22 August 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.396274
Show Author Affiliations
Stephen W. Webb, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
James M. Phelan, Sandia National Labs. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4038:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets V
Abinash C. Dubey; James F. Harvey; J. Thomas Broach; Regina E. Dugan, Editor(s)

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