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Proceedings Paper

Development of an EUV (13.5 nm) light source employing a dense plasma focus in lithium vapor
Author(s): William N. Partlo; Igor V. Fomenkov; Ian Roger Oliver; Daniel L. Birx
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Paper Abstract

Initial characterization efforts of Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) technology showed that efficient conversion of electrical energy into in-band emitted radiation could be achieved. Results previously reported showed that 25 J of electrical energy can be converted into 0.38 J of in-band, 13.5 nm radiation emitted into 2 (pi) steradians. This prototype configuration demonstrated a 1.5% conversion efficiency into 2 (pi) steradians, but exhibited several major drawbacks. The two greatest issues were excessively high stored energy per pulse and poor stability of the plasma size and position. Such high input energies would limit the maximum pulse repetition rate and poor plasma stability would lead to excessive electrode erosion and large integrated source size. Recent efforts have concentrated on reducing the required input energy while simultaneously improving stability. The result of these efforts is a DPF system that exhibits table operation with as little as 1.5 J of input energy and has demonstrated pulse repetition rates as high as 2500 Hz. Once a stable, low input energy DPF was achieved, this prototype DPF device was fitted with a simple Lithium vapor delivery system. Pinhole camera images of the Lithium vapor source show that it is stable with a size of less than 350 micrometer FWHM. In this technology's present state, the potential in-band collectable EUV optical power is estimated to be 6.9 W.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 July 2000
PDF: 21 pages
Proc. SPIE 3997, Emerging Lithographic Technologies IV, (21 July 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.390041
Show Author Affiliations
William N. Partlo, Cymer, Inc. (United States)
Igor V. Fomenkov, Cymer, Inc. (United States)
Ian Roger Oliver, Cymer, Inc. (United States)
Daniel L. Birx, Applied Pulse Power Technologies Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3997:
Emerging Lithographic Technologies IV
Elizabeth A. Dobisz, Editor(s)

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