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Proceedings Paper

Characterization of leveling modes on i-line stepper
Author(s): Amir Wachs; David Cohen; Ayelet Margalit-Ilovich
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Paper Abstract

The following study summarizes a thorough work in characterization the effects of different leveling modes in step-and-repeat exposure tool NSR-2205i11D on photolithography process parameters. The experimental work consisted on flatness measurements using the focus system of the stepper, critical dimensions measurements on Hitachi SEM 8600 and leveling sensor images on CCD camera. The study was performed on production wafers at via and metal layers and deal with phenomena that are related to the layout of products and do not appear on bare wafers. The conclusion that came out form this study is that standard leveling mode may have reduced performance due to misleading defraction pattern on its sensor, and optimal setting for the leveling mode should be made for each product and layer solely.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 July 2000
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4000, Optical Microlithography XIII, (5 July 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.389076
Show Author Affiliations
Amir Wachs, Tower Semiconductor Ltd. (Israel)
David Cohen, Tower Semiconductor Ltd. (Israel)
Ayelet Margalit-Ilovich, Tower Semiconductor Ltd. (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4000:
Optical Microlithography XIII
Christopher J. Progler, Editor(s)

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