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Proceedings Paper

Multiobjective genetic optimization of diagnostic classifiers used in the computerized detection of mass lesions in mammography
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Paper Abstract

We have recently proposed and developed a multiobjective approach to training classification systems. In this approach, the objectives, i.e., the sensitivity and specificity, of a classifier are simultaneously optimized, resulting in a series of solutions that are equivalent in the absence of any a priori knowledge regarding the relative merits of the two objectives. These solutions form a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve that is, theoretically, the best possible ROC curve that can be obtained using the given classifier and given training dataset. We have applied this technique to the optimization of classifiers for the computerized detection of mass lesions in digitized mammograms. Comparisons will be made between the results obtained using the multiobjective approach and results obtained using more conventional approaches. We employed a database of 60 consecutive, non-palpable mass lesion cases. Features relating to the geometry, intensity, and gradients of the images were calculated for each visible lesion and for many false detections. Using a conventionally trained linear classifier we were able to achieve an Az of 0.84 while the multiobjective approach to training a linear classifier yielded an Az of 0.87 in the task of distinguishing between true lesions and false detections. Using a multiobjective approach to train a rule-based classifier with 5 thresholding rules resulted in an Az of 0.88 in the task of distinguishing between true lesions and false detections.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 June 2000
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 3979, Medical Imaging 2000: Image Processing, (6 June 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.387596
Show Author Affiliations
Matthew A. Kupinski, Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Mark A. Anastasio, Univ. of Chicago (United States)
Maryellen Lissak Giger, Univ. of Chicago (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3979:
Medical Imaging 2000: Image Processing
Kenneth M. Hanson, Editor(s)

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