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Proceedings Paper

Simulation of the image quality of an a-Si flat x-ray detector system in low-dose fluoroscopic applications
Author(s): Tom J. C. Bruijns; Thijs Adriaansz; Arnold R. Cowen; Andrew G. Davies; Stephen M. Kengyelics; Kourosh Kiani; Han Kroon; Hans A. Luijendijk
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Paper Abstract

One of the issues in (alpha) -Si:H X-ray detectors is signal to noise ratio for low dose fluoroscopic applications. An optimized sensitivity of the X-ray detection system together with low and isotropic system noise characteristics are primary pre-conditions needed for maximum image quality. However, in spite of high DQE numbers of this Flat Detector technology in radiological and fluoroscopic application areas, a SNR for low dose fluoroscopy is found, which is inferior to that found with Image Intensifier-TV based systems. The problem area is a small dose range, producing gray levels just above absolute dark. Except for the dark level, these levels can (dependent on the application area) contain clinically relevant information. Since scatter affects the darker parts of the relevant image areas there will be noise in those areas, caused by X-ray quantum statistics and readout noise. The objective of the simulations is to investigate the influence of the various system noise components on the image quality. A level of system noise can be found where the subjective image quality is mainly determined by the X-ray quantum statistics and where the readout noise does not necessarily have to be invisible in totally dark parts. The simulation concerns a threshold contrast detail detectability (TCDD) observation test, where observers score discs of various diameter and absorption in an image sequence (being a fixed scene of the test object with (temporal) X-ray noise and system noise). The dynamic sequence is based upon total simulation, i.e. the test object as well as the X-ray noise and the system noise components were simulated. To verify the simulations also an image sequence was acquired on a Flat Detector system. The observations are done at various dose levels, with and without post processing to obtain noise reduction like it is used in clinical practice for this kind of system. The sequences are observed on a medical CRT display.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 April 2000
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3977, Medical Imaging 2000: Physics of Medical Imaging, (25 April 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.384484
Show Author Affiliations
Tom J. C. Bruijns, Philips Medical Systems (Netherlands)
Thijs Adriaansz, Philips Medical Systems (Netherlands)
Arnold R. Cowen, Univ. of Leeds General Infirmary (Netherlands)
Andrew G. Davies, Univ. of Leeds General Infirmary (United Kingdom)
Stephen M. Kengyelics, Univ. of Leeds General Infirmary (United Kingdom)
Kourosh Kiani, Philips Medical Systems (Netherlands)
Han Kroon, Philips Medical Systems (Netherlands)
Hans A. Luijendijk, Philips Medical Systems (Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3977:
Medical Imaging 2000: Physics of Medical Imaging
James T. Dobbins III; John M. Boone, Editor(s)

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