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Proceedings Paper

Signal adaptive wavelet design using genetic algorithms
Author(s): Eric Jones; Paul R. Runkle; Nilanjan Dasgupta; Lawrence Carin
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Paper Abstract

While discrete wavelet transforms offers a powerful combination of computational efficiency and compact representation for a broad range of signals, they are often designed without any prior knowledge of the signals under analysis. In this paper, we provide a methodology for constructing customized wavelet sand multi rate filterbanks through the application of a generalized cost function on available training data. In particular, we design wavelets that provide maximal discriminate between several signal classes, with the cost function directly tied to classification performance. Since the relationship between the filter coefficients and correct classification may be exceedingly complicated, the optimization is performed using a genetic algorithm. The multi rate filterbank is implemented in a lattice-type structure, known as lifting, which facilitates the incorporation of constraints on the search space. In addition to demonstrating the successful design of signal-adaptive wavelets, this paper validates the use of genetic algorithms as a powerful class of tools for complex system optimization. The method is applied to acoustic scattering data with classification performance evaluated in relation to both non-adaptive biorthogonal wavelets and signal-adaptive wavelets based on linear predictive constraints.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 April 2000
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4056, Wavelet Applications VII, (5 April 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.381697
Show Author Affiliations
Eric Jones, Duke Univ. (United States)
Paul R. Runkle, Duke Univ. (United States)
Nilanjan Dasgupta, Duke Univ. (United States)
Lawrence Carin, Duke Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4056:
Wavelet Applications VII
Harold H. Szu; Martin Vetterli; William J. Campbell; James R. Buss, Editor(s)

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