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Proceedings Paper

Influence of wavelength and pulse duration on peripheral thermal and mechanical damage to dentin and alveolar bone during IR laser ablation
Author(s): C. Lee; Jerome N. Ragadio; Daniel Fried
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Paper Abstract

The objective of this study was to measure the peripheral thermal damage produced during the laser ablation of alveolar bone and dentin for clinically relevant IR laser systems. Previous studies have demonstrated that a char layer produced around the laser incision site can inhibit the wound healing process. Moreover, in the case of dentin, a char layer is unsightly and is difficult to bond to with restorative materials. Thermal damage was assessed using polarized light microscopy for laser pulse widths from 500 ns to 300 microseconds at 2.94 micrometer and 9.6 micrometer. Water- cooling was not employed to alleviate thermal damage during the laser irradiation. At 9.6 micrometer, minimal thermal damage was observed for pulse widths on the order of the thermal relaxation time of the deposited laser energy in the tissue, 3 - 4 microseconds, and peripheral thermal damage increased with increasing pulse duration. At 2.94 micrometer, thermal damage was minimal for the Q-switched (500 ns) laser system. This study shows that 9.6 micrometer CO2 laser pulses with pulse widths of 5 - 10 microseconds are well suited for the efficient ablation of dentin and bone with minimal peripheral damage. This work was supported by NIH/NIDCR R29DE12091.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 March 2000
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3910, Lasers in Dentistry VI, (24 March 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.380827
Show Author Affiliations
C. Lee, Univ. of California/San Francisco (United States)
Jerome N. Ragadio, Univ. of California/San Francisco (United States)
Daniel Fried, Univ. of California/San Francisco (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3910:
Lasers in Dentistry VI
John D. B. Featherstone; Peter Rechmann D.D.S.; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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