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Proceedings Paper

Economic technology of laser cutting
Author(s): Alexander V. Fedin; Igor V. Shilov; Vladimir V. Vassiliev; Dmitri V. Malov; Vladimir N. Peskov
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Paper Abstract

The laser cutting of color metals and alloys by a thickness more than 2 mm has significant difficulties due to high reflective ability and large thermal conduction. We made it possible to raise energy efficiency and quality of laser cutting by using a laser processing system (LPS) consisting both of the YAG:Nd laser with passive Q-switching on base of LiF:F2- crystals and the CO2 laser. A distinctive feature of the LPS is that the radiation of different lasers incorporated in a coaxial beam has simultaneously high level of peak power (more than 400 kW in a TEM00 mode) and significant level of average power (up to 800 W in a TEM01 mode of the CO2 laser). The application of combined radiation for cutting of an aluminum alloy of D16 type made it possible to decrease the cutting energy threshold in 1.7 times, to increase depth of treatment from 2 up to 4 mm, and velocity from 0.015 up to 0.7 m/min, and also to eliminate application of absorptive coatings. At cutting of steels the velocity of treatment was doubled, and also an oxygen flow was eliminated from the technological process and replaced by the air. The obtained raise of energy efficiency and quality of cutting is explained by an essential size reducing of a formed penetration channel and by the shifting of a thermal cutting mode from melting to evaporation. The evaluation of interaction efficiency of a combined radiation was produced on the basis of non-stationary thermal-hydrodynamic model of a heating source moving as in the cutting direction, and also into the depth of material.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 February 2000
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3888, High-Power Lasers in Manufacturing, (7 February 2000); doi: 10.1117/12.377078
Show Author Affiliations
Alexander V. Fedin, Kovrov State Technological Academy (Russia)
Igor V. Shilov, Kovrov State Technological Academy (Russia)
Vladimir V. Vassiliev, Kovrov State Technological Academy (Russia)
Dmitri V. Malov, Kovrov State Technological Academy (Russia)
Vladimir N. Peskov, Kovrov State Technological Academy (Sweden)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3888:
High-Power Lasers in Manufacturing
Xiangli Chen; Tomoo Fujioka; Akira Matsunawa, Editor(s)

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